John Dominic Crossan, the famed Jesus Seminar scholar, proposed that someone in medieval times was crucified by a crafter of fake relics in order to produce the Shroud.
Others proposed that Leonardo da Vinci created it — anew, it turns out, since the Shroud was well known in Europe a century before Leonardo was born.
Photomicrograph of fibers from the center of the radiocarbon sample in water.
Gum material is swelling and detaching from fibers.
A January 20, 2005 article in the scholarly, peer-reviewed scientific journal Thermochimica Acta (Volume 425, pages 189-194, by Raymond N.
Rogers, Los Alamos National Laboratory, University of California) makes it perfectly clear: the carbon 14 dating sample cut from the Shroud in 1988 was not valid.
Students will ask why a single sample from a suspect corner was used.
They will wonder why protestations from experts in the Shroud’s chemistry were ignored.
Hall, who played a significant role in exposing the Piltdown man hoax and who participated in the carbon 14 dating of the Shroud, expressed his views openly: “We have shown the Shroud to be a fake.
Anyone who disagrees with us ought to belong to the Flat Earth Society.” The carbon 14 dating of the Shroud of Turin is famous because it spawned so many conspiracy theories posing as history.
Very old bogs often contain miniscule roots from newer plants that grew in the peat.
The roots of these plants, sometimes having decomposed, are nearly indistinguishable from the older peat.
It should not be ignored when journalists and authors write about carbon 14 dating.