Patients receiving conscious sedation are capable of rational responses, and they are able to maintain their airway for ventilation.
The procedure for sedation is usually explained to the patient by an attending clinician.
An IV access line is set in place for fluid replacement and injection of medications.
Clinical situations for unconscious sedation typically involve eating and drinking protocols starting the day before the procedure.
The age and physical status of the patient is useful in determining sensitivity.
Second, sedation for uncooperative patients may expedite and simplify special procedures that require little or no movement.
Additionally, sedation is often desirable to diminish fear associated with operative procedures.
A history is usually taken to assess risk and choice of medication.
The patient typically signs consent forms and the possible side effects are explained.
A detailed past history, especially prior experiences with sedatives and other anesthetics is an important part of preparatory assessment.