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But most Jews would be hard pressed to explain what happened 5750 years ago and why the Jewish calendar begins with that event, which will be commemorated this year on Friday evening.

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He sets the date of the departure from the Garden of Eden in the year 4004 BC.

Although it might seem like a simple task to add up the life spans of the generations mentioned in the Bible, it is not.

It is not just recognition from abroad that many Indian Jews crave.

Although historians believe Jews first arrived in India 2,000 years ago, their descendants today say they are virtually unknown in a country where they are hugely outnumbered by Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Jains and Zoroastrians.

Choose Starting Point Yet the rabbis in the 2nd Century who made up the current Jewish calendar chose as their starting point the estimated time that Adam left the Garden of Eden.

The Hebrew word “Adam” means humankind--the species. The exit of Adam from the Garden of Eden symbolizes the transition of humankind from a largely Stone Age state of hunters and gatherers to the more advanced Bronze Age society of farmers and city dwellers. The most famous attempt to calculate “the beginning” was that of James Ussher, an Irish bishop who wrote a book on biblical chronology in the early 1650s.

Jews believe there is one God who created and rules the world.

Judaism believes that people have freewill and are responsible for the choices made. Torah means "teaching", is God's revealed instructions to the Jewish People.

These include Bene Israelis, who have the longest history in India, and Baghdadi Jews, who fled persecution in the Middle East in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Although there are no official figures, academics say India’s Jewish population peaked at around 20,000 in the mid 1940s.

Numbers have dwindled rapidly because of emigration since the creation of Israel in 1948.

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