The government-owned Solomon Airlines provides domestic and regional air service.
Ports handling overseas cargoes include Honiara, Tulagi (the former capital), and Gizo Harbour.
Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!
The governor-general, who serves a term of up to five years, must be a citizen of Solomon Islands.
Members of the Parliament are elected by universal adult suffrage and serve for four years (unless Parliament is dissolved sooner).
In the early 21st century the service sector employed the majority of the active workforce and contributed almost half of the country’s gross domestic product.
Tourism has been developed but is not a major source of income.
Solomon Islands is a constitutional monarchy, with the British monarch, represented by a governor-general, serving as the formal head of state.
Still, the country, a member of the Commonwealth, is independent, and the governor-general is appointed on the advice of the unicameral National Parliament.Traditional handicrafts, including woodwork, shell inlay, mats, baskets, and shell jewelry, are made both for the tourist market and for export.The Solomon Islands dollar is the official currency; indigenous The principal airport is Honiara International Airport, although there are several airfields throughout the islands that may also serve as international points of entry.Solomon Islands’ main resources, fish and timber, have been exploited excessively, which has resulted in their depletion.Its other export products are derived from plantation crops: palm oil, copra, and cacao (the source of cocoa). The chief imports are machinery, fuels, manufactured goods, and food, and Australia, Singapore, and China are the main suppliers.Earthquakes and destructive cyclones also occur regularly.